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Wednesday, January 10, 2018

THE AILING PLANET


The chapter comments on the deteriorating condition of our planet. It speaks of the problems faced by our planet, reasons for its poor condition and the changing view of the world for the planet.
The Green Movement
The author begins by commenting on the great attention received by the Green Movement that began some 25 years ago. The world’s first nationwide Green party was founded in New Zealand in the year 1972 and the movement has been a great success since then.
A change in the human perception
A revolutionary change has come in the perception of the human beings bringing in a “holistic and ecological” view of the world. There has been a shift from the understanding developed by Copernicus to the people’s belief that the earth is a living organism whose needs must be respected and preserved by us. According to the writer, our earth is like a “patient in declining health”. Thus, we have to realise our ethical responsibility of guarding the planet.
Sustainable Development
TheWorld Commission on Environment and Development propagated the concept of “sustainable development” in 1987. Sustainable development calls for a well-balanced development so as to meet the demands of the present and not to deprive our future generations from the natural world of resources.
Man and the other living-species
Man has been considered as the most dangerous being on the planet. However, due to the efforts of a number of agencies all over the world, man is learning to live in harmony with the other living species on the planet. Man’s existence is shifting from the system of domination to that of partnership.
The depletion of the principal biological systems
There are still many millions of living species that have not been catalogued. The author mentions the ecological concern pointed out by Mr. Lester R. Brown in his book “The Golden Economic Prospect”. Mr. Brown points out four principal biological systems- fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands. These form the foundation of the global economic system as they supply food and provide raw materials for industries except minerals and petroleum-derived synthetics.
The demand of the human beings on these systems is increasing to such an ‘unsustainable’ extent that the productivity of these systems is being hampered. The excessive demand result in deterioration and depletion of resources leading to the breakdown of fisheries, disappearance of forests, deterioration of croplands and turning of grasslands into barren lands.
Deforestation
The forests are being destroyed in large proportions to obtain firewood in poor countries. Depletion of tropical forests has lead to the extinction of several species. In fact, the tropical forests or “the powerhouse of evolution” are eroding at the rate of forty to fifty million acres per year. Besides, the increasing use of dung for burning deprives the soil of important natural fertilisers.
According to our Parliament’s Estimates Committee, a near “catastrophic depletion” has been marked in the number of the forests of India over the last four decades. Ironically, article 48A of the Indian Constitution states that the state shall “protect and improve the environment and safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country”. However, India is losing its forests at the rate of 3.7 million acres a year.
The condition of the environment is ‘critical’ as per a study conducted by the United Nations.
The problem of over-population
One of the major factors adding to the deforming future of the human society is the fast-growing world population. The present world population is estimated at 5.7 billion. With this ever-increasing population, development seems a far-fetched dream.
As per the author, the best contraceptive to control the population is development. Voluntary family planning with an element of coercion is the only alternative. Rise in income, spread of education and improved health would lead to fall in fertility. Population and poverty are directly proportional to each other. Thus, control of the population should be our top-most priority.
“Era of Responsibility”
The author now re-mentions the “holistic view” of the basis of our existence. He points that it is an “Era of Responsibility” that calls for “seeing the world as an integrated whole rather than a dissociated collection of parts”. Industry plays an important role in this responsibility. Excellence in environmental performance is required for the manufacturers to continue their existence. Our earth belongs as much to the future generation as much to us. We should soon realise our duty towards our planet and should not treat it solely as our property.
The chapter concludes with the beautiful lines of Mr. Lester Brown, “We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers; we have borrowed it from our children.”

Sunday, December 24, 2017

TEACHING LITERATURE TO STUDENTS


Literature is the mirror of society. It depicts life. It is an artistic expression of surroundings and situations in written, sung or spoken form.
The word literature originated from Latin word ‘Literatura or Littera’ which means letter or handwriting.
In its broadest sense, It is any single body of written works. Literature is writing considered to be an art form, or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.
The literature can be classified in fiction or nonfiction. It can also be classified as Prose, poetry and drama.
There can be two distinct purposes of teaching literature.
1.       Linguistic purposes
2.       Thematic purposes
In linguistic purposes of teaching literature, we can enlist certain prominent language components.
1.       LSRW- Listening, speaking, reading and writing
2.       Phonetics, Phonemics, Semantics, Morphology, syntax, Rhetoric, Poetic devices, diction, Grammar, lexicon, Rhythm and Meter
3.       Literary forms like prose, poetry and drama
In thematic purposes of teaching literature, some of them are:
1.       Cultural values and legacy
2.       Expanding horizons of learning, knowledge and understanding
3.       Enhancement of critical thinking and appreciation
4.       Delight and celebration
5.       Creative and constructive expression
6.       Helps in making of man with IQ an EQ
Methods of Teaching
1.       Lecture
2.       Demonstration
3.       Collaboration
4.       Classroom discussion
5.       Debriefing
6.       Classroom action research and many more
Teaching literature to students
Literature portrays life. Life is enormously abundant in variegated and multicolored situations, experiences and occurrences. To define or present such heterogeneous and stereotype literature to learners in closed chamber and insufficient time is no less than an adventure. It requires proper planning, prowess and preparation.
It also warrants the teacher to be well acquainted with four important factors:
1.       Whom to teach
2.       What to teach
3.       How to teach and
4.       Where to teach
 To make literature teaching convenient and congenial in classroom, some strategies can be followed.
·         Ask children to understand every word written in a text.
·         Ask children to derive meaning from context as they read,
·         Ask children to always read closely and analytically.
·         Allow children to feel free to read against a text.
·         Encourage children to see their reading of literature as a source of questions to think about rather than answers to accept.
·         Ask children to parrot the responses or interpretations of other people, particularly those with authority over them, to prove that they understood the “right” things about a book they read.
·         Encourage children to have their own ideas about what they read.
·         Encourage children to exchange their viewpoints with others and respect the differences.
·         Provide children with diverse experiences of literature.
·         Help children to read with an awareness of ideological implications, that is, of the ways in which texts represent or misrepresent reality and work to manipulate readers. 

Few citations about teaching literature
1.       Children are naturally capable of taking pleasure in what they read.
2.       Readers are made, not born (Chambers, 1983, p. 30).
3.       Literature is more experienced than taught (Glazer, 1986, p. 51).
4.       Critical analysis of literature somehow destroys pleasure in it.
5.       Many people don’t focus their teaching of literature on the enhancement of pleasure because they believe that pleasure is private, too dependent on individual tastes and feelings to be taught (Nodelman & Reimer, 2003, p. 32).
6.       Literature must be discussed. It is only by discussing with others who have experienced a book that new meaning can be effectively constructed (Bicknell, p. 45).
7.       Children need teachers to demonstrate how to enter into and explore the world of literature, just as children learning language need adults who show them how the language functions in the everyday world (Peterson & Eeds, 1990, p. 12).

Some more important strategies
1.       Use of media and technology
To sum up literature teaching to the students, the famous quote of Mathew Arnold is worth mentioning.

He aptly and appropriately says that, ‘It starts with delights and ends with wisdom’.

Saturday, August 19, 2017

Demonetisation is a boost for Indian Economy’-against

Honourable jury members, learned teachers and dear friends, I am here to speak against the topic ‘Demonetisation is a boost for Indian Economy’.
While thinking about the topic I got extremely perturbed and perplexed why like frantic and fanatic people, my noble opponent is making so much hues and cries. I don’t find any prudent and powerful logic to eulogize and appreciate Demonetisation.
Demonetization is a natural and universal process. It is not bound to any particular time and space. Even a person, with a little knowledge of history of India as well as of world, is well acquainted with the facts that the coins and currencies changed in different ages from leaves, leather, metals and papers. It happened in all civilizations and dynasties of the world, not only in India. But my worthy opponents is singing eulogy song and showering words in favor of demonetization in Indian economy. Why does he not talk demonetization is boost for economy? Why only Indian economy?
If my rival friend means demonetization by our prime minister Narendra Modi on 8 Nov 2016, and if he is trying to issue a certificate counting all success stories of it, I with all might and belief avouch that it was black day in the history Indian economy and a shame for Indian people. India never saw such a dictatorial eccentricity to give sudden blow to the citizens by breaking their backbones.
The long and deadly tiresome lines in front of the ATM and banks gobbled and engulfed around 140 lives. The citizens clashed and collided together for nothing.  A catastrophic civil warlike situation was created by the insanity of one man. The narcissist man like Nero in Rome played the flute and left the country burning, full of chaos and calamity.  The patients died in the hospitals, the poor people and their children died of hunger, the parents could not deposit the school fees, the people could not travel to their dear relatives in the needs, the marriages suffered huge set back. Country’s millions of laborers strayed and starved  as the factories stopped, the construction works demolished and retail world crashed. The hungry and jobless people shrieked and sheltered on the roads.
The frivolous and bogus claim to curb corruption, stop terrorism, fetter fake currency and bring black money shattered into pieces. Nothing came in our hands. Even after one year the Indian people could not come out of the comma and attack of 8 Nov.
India is a democratic country. Democracy is by the people, of the people and for the people. The representative government should issue ordinance and constitute laws in interest of the people to bring smile on their faces and happiness in their lives. But demonetizations acted quite against it. The people bewailed, bled and died.
Even in such a disastrous and deadly results of demonetization, my worthy opponents is counting the beads in the prayer of their newly incarnated god. Don’t forget that the chief architect of Indian constitution Dr Ambedkar had warned the Indian government and Indian people in his last address to constituent assembly that hero worship is dangerous for democracy, we must abandon this tendency as soon as possible for the sake country, for the sake of people’.    
How long can we cherish the utopian bliss? One thing I want to make crystal clear that I oppose ‘Demonetization is boost for Indian economy’ not demonetization. I only stand dead against the silly slogans and coveted claims being hugely and highly propagated to earn applause on the nonsense act. All highly qualified and scholar gentries present here well know that it is not the first occasion of demonetization in India. Why did this only become the matter of life and death? Why did the policies of withdraw and deposit change every day and 24 times in a month?  Why did the ruling government had to issue clarification and circular each day? Have you ever seen such a fragile and freakish rulers in your life time? I believe, you have not seen.
On 15 august, the prime minister says that 56 lakh new tax payers were added since demonetization, but before some months the finance minister said 91 lakh,  RBI said 30 lakh and one independent survey said 5.6 lakh. Now it is up to you decide whom to believe. Why such false data are being given? It is only to shroud the failure of demonetization. They also realize their guilt, their mistake but they don’t dare to accept it. They have to get the political benefit in elections. So to accept the failure of demonetization is to suicide for them. It may expel and thrust them away from such aristocratic power and luxuries. this is the real fear.
The Nobel laureate in the field of economy Professor Amartya Sen spoke that the demonetization will bring no good to the country and the people, rather it will brings havocs and hazards.’ Later he was punished for his frank and outspoken statement and expelled from his esteemed office. Not only him, the prominent economists and experts of India as well as of world sharply criticized the demonetization policy of Indian government.  They censored it saying illogical, dictatorial, immature, novice and irresponsible.
Newyork Times hit hard by saying it a decision taken in ignonimity and imbecility and predicted about the loss of lives and property.
Did the terrorist activities stop? Did the killing of soldiers at the border stop? Did the black money and fake currency curtail? Did the corruption end? Have the job opportunities arisen?  Did the Indian economy and GDP increase?
According to the various national and international surveys and reports like MOODY, FINCH, WORLD BANK the Indian economy has suffered a huge hit and sharp set back. The life standard of the Indian people has lowered down and miserably worsened.
Can anybody forget how the foreign tourists spoke in front of media camera and by their personal videos over social medias like facebook, twitter and whatsapp against the demonetization step taken suddenly by Indian government. The inflow of money from such foreign visitors was damaged, dampened and discouraged.
In such horrendous torrent and tragedy of demonetization, mostly the common people felt the agonies and stress. They walked miles up to weeks with 500 and 1000 notes and returned barehanded and the starving family members and children waited impatiently and innocently. They slept empty stomach. The bank personnel sent the money straight to saffrons, aristocrats and leaders. By back door entry the banks played the gimmick of high corruption. And worthy opponents say that the corruption curtailed.
I feel sorry for him. I have deep sympathy with him to stand and support the wrong side.
Government is for the welfare of the people, not to squeeze their blood. Any policy or step of government, if it fails to fulfill the aspirations of the citizen should be critically condemned and criticized.
I call the dear citizens not to fall in snare of hero worship and be victim of dictatorial tyranny. Be faithful to your land, your great ancestors and their principles. Let the country not erode away under the unscrupulous insanities of narcissist people.
Whenever you feel that any power is trying to establish autonomy by trampling the interest of countrymen, stand and oppose strongly for the sake of humanity.
Let our dear country not fall in the hands of kind butchers and heartiest hitlers.

Thank you.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Demonetization is a boost for Indian Economy-(Favor)

Honorable jury members, learned teachers and all worthy participants, I am here to speak in favor of the topic ‘Demonetization is a boost for Indian Economy’.
I feel immense proud and pleasure to speak and vent out my ideas on the glorious and welcome step of ‘Demonetization’ in special context of India. To boost and trigger the economic development, demonetization is a general process of the country’s policies and strategies, may it be India or any other nation across the globe. To define demonetization in simple terms ‘it’s discontinuation of the current currency by announcing it illegal, invalid and out of use and prevalence by the people in the market.
The world’s eminent economists also back up intermittent withdrawal and discontinuing of the currencies. The father of economics, Adam Smith who wrote ‘The Wealth of Nations’ also opined in favor of demonetization. The father of modern India and the chief architect of Indian constitution Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar favored demonetization in his research book ‘The Problem of Indian Rupee’ and he is the same personality whose ideas led the formation of centralized banking system ‘Reserve Bank of India’.
I am dead sure that my worthy opponents will try to spit out hundred of words in sharp criticism and cynicism against demonetization, it may be matter of wining debate for him, but for me, I have thousands of words in its eulogy and appreciation. I stand and support my side with all conviction and full confidence, as the voice is from the deep and core of heart and belief.
The day 8 November 2016 became indelible and immortal in Indian history when the daring and revolutionary step to demonetize 500 and 1000 was taken by our super hero, our dedicated and dynamic prime minister sh. Narendra Modi.
The newspapers and the news channels are full of events like corruption, money laundering, counterfeit and fake notes, terrorism and black money. These monsters are heavily affecting the health and growth of Indian economy. To curb terrorist and nexalite antisocial activities, to stop outflow of black money in foreign accounts and discourage inflow of fake currencies, demonetization is the best tool and way to fight such fatal situations. I firmly believe that it helps to speed up and accelerate the sloth and slumber economy of the country.   
The year 2016 was inglorious year for major developed and developing countries like America, France, Greek, China and others. They underwent economic slowdown and crisis. Most of them disallowed to debit amount from the bank accounts as the banks became bankrupt. The common amenities and commodities became scarce for the citizens. During that time Indian economy was not only stable but it kept on growing and growing. The demonetization was one among the greatest factors in it.
The funding and availing arms and ammunitions to the terrorist camp by the terrorist nations got a halt and hiccup. More importantly, the fake and counterfeit currency which was constantly and incessantly eroding and crumbling the Indian economy got a big setback. The persons in power and the illegal business and black marketing which scandalized and black spotted the dignity of India in front of the world, and propelled Indian economy backward was also hindered and hampered.
The healthy and sound economy of any country is the breath and backbone of all its development and living standard of the people. The total gold deposit and currency asset denote how strong and weak the economy is. The financial health of the country decides the health and hazards of its people.
With the development of human race, from nomadic era to modern age, and with unprecedented increase in the social interactions and financial transactions, he used the metallic coins and currencies after exchange and barter system. With the widened needs and demands of the changed times and scenarios, the coins and currencies got changed, modified and discontinued.
I want raise one public question over here to my worthy opponent. Does he have any other solid measure and tool to control such vicious malpractices prevailing in the country?  Does he have any other panacea to accelerate the speed of Indian economy? I firmly believe that he will feel feeble and fragile in answering my genuine and genial questions.
In such a vast secular, socialist democratic country, to maintain and maximize the pulse of growth and glory is not child’s play. I assuredly affirm that demonetization has done it. Today the world’s major countries are flocking to India to invest in the congenial big market and liberal economy. To equate with dollar value and compete in global business, such step of demonetization is a necessary step.

In place of mere frowning and finding faults we should rather boost the morale of policy makers and administrators so that they may feel quiet and comfortable to lay out plans and strategies in the interest of the nation and its citizens.

Friday, July 7, 2017

महा क्रांति




है महा क्रांति की लहर चली, परिवर्तन होने वाला है;
भारत की पावन भूमि का, इतिहास बदलने वाला है;

हो चूका तेरा अन्याय बहुत
बढ़ गया तेरा अत्याचार बहुत
सदियों से दीमक बन कर के
भारत का किया नुकसान बहुत
तेरी हस्ती को मिटाने का, जलजला भड़कने वाला है
भारत की इस.....................................

मानवता को तूने मार दिया,

इंसानियत का कत्लेआम किया;
भेदभाव तूने भर भर के,
हर घृणित घिनौना काम किया
नापाक तेरी हर हरकत का, हिसाब होने वाला है;
भारत की इस...............................


अब जाग उठा है स्वाभिमान,
उठ गयी बगावत की लहर;
जन आन्दोलन की जल गई मिशाल,
हर गली गली हर शहर शहर;
जालिम का जुल्म मिटाने का आगाज होने वाला है;
भारत की इस...............................

हो रही पुकार आन्दोलन की,

बह रही बयार आन्दोलन की;
जर्रे जर्रे में उठ रहा खुमार,
आन्दोलन की आन्दोलन की;
चल रही चीख चिग्घारों से, सबकी तकदीर बदलने वाला है
भारत की इस...............................


है रोक सका है कब किसने,
आंधी तूफ़ान की चालों से;
है झुका सका है कब किसने,
आजादी के मतवालों को;
हम स्वतंत्रता के सेनानी का संग्राम होने वाला है;
भारत की इस...............................



सागर भी न सुना होगा अब तक
अम्बर को भी पता न होगा अब तक
पर्वत पंक्षी पवन पृथ्वी को
तिनका भी खबर न होगा अब तक
उस विकट मनोरम परिवर्तन का आगाज होने वाला है;

परिवर्तन को न कोई रोक सका,
समय के कौन प्रतिकूल चला;
जिसने भी ऐसा सोचा भी,
खुद उसका ही सत्यानाश हुआ
सामने समय के आता जो बन जाता उसका निवाला है;
भारत की इस...............................





है खुला निमंत्रण मेरा सबको,
बन जाओ हिस्सा परिवर्तन का;
करके आबाद मानवता को,
सार्थक हो जाए इस जीवन का;
इतिहास में अमर हो जाने का, फिर न मौका मिलने वाला है

जालिमो ने अत्याचार किया,
जी भर के भ्रष्टाचार किया;
मानवता भी कांप उठे,
उसने ऐसा व्यवहार किया;
उस अन्यायी अत्याचारी का, दुर्दिन आने वाला है;
भारत की इस...............................





मजलूम गरीबों के गर्जन से,
गगन भी घबराएगा;
शोषितों के जन शैलाब से,
सुनामी भी शरमायेगा;
बदबूदार व्यवस्था का ऑपरेशन होने वाला है;
भारत की इस...............................


अंगार लिए हम हाथों में,
आक्रोश भरे हम बातों में;
मानवता कायम करने का,
तूफ़ान लिए जजबातों में;
व्यवस्था परिवर्तन हेतु भूचाल आने वाला है;





पानी से टकराकर पत्थर भी,
पानी में मिल जाता है;
विद्रोह बवंडर से तानाशाही
सिंहासन भी हिल जाता है;
आमूलचूल परिवर्तन का जलजला भड़काने वाला है
भारत की इस...............................